Wednesday 15 September 2010

Happiness & Positive Psychology

Positive Psychology’s primary focus is on what people do right to obtain and maintain optimum happiness (Compton, 2005), by striving to understand and help people develop qualities that lead to greater personal fulfilment. The premise of positive psychology is to promote factors that allow individuals to thrive and flourish by encouraging a change of focus in psychology from a preoccupation with repairing the worst things to a greater emphasis on discovering and building upon positive qualities.

The concept of happiness is the corner stone of the assumptions of positive psychology. Happiness is characterised by the experience of more frequent positive affective states than negative ones as well as a perception that one is progressing toward important life goals (Tkach & Lyubomirsky, 2006). Identifying factors that contribute to happiness has proven to be challenging. Interestingly though, one thing that does stand out in the research to date is that the attainment and pursuit of pleasure may not always lead to happiness.

Certain kinds of environmental factors or conditions have been found to be associated with happiness and include such things as; individual income, labour market status, health, family, social relationships, moral values and many others (Carr, 2004; Selim, 2008; Diener, Oishi & Lucas, 2003). Ultimately, in the pursuit of understanding happiness, there are two main theoretical perspectives which focus on addressing the question of what makes people feel good and happy. These are the hedonic and eudaimonic approaches to happiness (Keyes, Shmotkin, & Ryff, 2002).

Hedonic well-being is based on the notion that increased pleasure and decreased pain leads to happiness. Hedonic concepts are based on the notion of subjective well-being. Subjective well-being is ascientific term that is commonly used to denote the ‘happy or good life’. It comprises of an affective component (high positive affect and low negative affect) and a cognitive component (satisfaction with life). It is proposed that an individual experiences happiness when positive affect and satisfaction with life are both high (Carruthers & Hood, 2004).

Eudaimonic well-being, on the other hand, is strongly reliant on Maslow’s ideas of self actualisation and Roger’s concept of the fully functioning person and their subjective well being. Eudaimonic happiness is therefore based on the premise that people feel happy if they experience life purpose, challenges and growth. This approach adopts Self-Determination Theory to conceptualise happiness (Keyes et al., 2002; Deci & Ryan, 2000). Self determination theory suggests that happiness is related to fulfilment in the areas of autonomy and competence.

From this perspective, by engaging in eudaimonic pursuits, subjective well being (happiness) will occur as a by product. Thus, life purpose and higher order meaning are believed to produce happiness. It appears that the general consensus is that happiness does not result from the pursuit of pleasure but from the development of individual strengths and virtues which ties in with the concept of positive psychology (Vella-Brodrick, Park & Peterson, 2009). The differences between eudaimonic and hedonic happiness are listed below:

Hedonic (Subjective Wellbeing)

- Presence of positive mood
- Absence of negative mood
- Satisfaction with various domains of life (e.g. work, leisure)
- Global life satisfaction

Eudaimonic (Psychological Wellbeing)

- Sense of control or autonomy
- Feeling of meaning and purpose
- Personal expressiveness
- Feelings of belongingness
- Social contribution
- Competence
- Personal growth
- Self acceptance

Positive Psychology views happiness from both the hedonistic and eudaimonic view in which they define happiness in terms of the pleasant life, the good life and the meaningful life (Norrish & Vella-Brodrick, 2008). Peterson et al., identified three pathways to happiness from the positive psychological view:

1. Pleasure is the process of maximising positive emotion and minimising negative emotion and is referred to as the pleasant life which involves enjoyable and positive experiences.

2. Engagement is the process of being immersed and absorbed in the task at hand and is referred to as the good life which involves being actively involved in life and all that it requires and demands. Thus the good life is considered to result from the individual cultivating and investing their signature strengths and virtues into their relationships, work and leisure (Seligman, 2002), thus applying the best of self during challenging activities that results in growth and a feeling of competence and satisfaction that brings about happiness.

3. Meaning is the process of having a higher purpose in life than ourselves and is referred to as the meaningful life which involves using our strengths and personal qualities to serve this higher purpose. The meaningful life, like the good life, involves the individual applying their signature strengths in activities, but the difference is that these activities are perceived to contribute to the greater good in the meaningful life.

Ultimately, it is a combination of each of these three elements described above that positive psychology suggests would constitute authentic and stable happiness (Vella-Brodrick, Park & Peterson, 2009; Carruthers & Hood, 2004).

Flow and happiness

Another key contribution positive psychology has made to our understanding of the qualities and attributes of well-being is in the concept of flow. Flow is defined as an optimal state of engagement, happiness and peak experience that occurs when an individual is absorbed in an intrinsically motivating challenge (Norrish & Vella-Brodrick, 2008). Flow is typically characterised by being immersed in a specific activity that incorporates the following elements:

1. Concentration toward the task at hand that appears effortless and is not associated with mental strain or aggressive efforts to repress or control thinking (Vella-Brodrick, Park & Peterson, 2009),

2. Involvement in the task to the point where there is no need to think about what needs to be done before it is done (Vella-Brodrick, Park & Peterson, 2009), and

3. Enjoyment through being involved in and doing the specific activity (Vella-Brodrick, Park & Peterson, 2009).

The state of flow has been implicated in the pathways to happiness and thus expands further the concept of happiness beyond the pleasure state. To conclude on the influence of flow Csikszentmihalyi (1990) suggests that happiness is brought on by the experience of flow that allows people to enjoy life and function better in a number of different contexts (click here to watch Csikszentmihalyi’s TED Talk on Flow).

Personality Traits and Happiness

Personality studies indicate that happy and unhappy people have distinctive personality profiles. For example, happy people tend to be more extraverted, optimistic and usually have high self esteem. Happiness is also considered to be an emotion produced by positive and negative events and experiences (Selim, 2008). Interestingly, a number of reports have shown that extraverted individuals are happier than introverted individuals in the context of a broad range of life experiences (Carr, 2004; Tkach & Lyubomirsky, 2006; Furnham & Christoforou, 2007).

This has been attributed to the idea that extraverts react more strongly to positive stimuli designed to induce positive emotions when compared to introverts. Extraverts are also reported to have a better fit with their social environment that may trigger positive emotions of happiness. As such, extraverts are more likely to experience happiness than introverts who may not thrive in similar social settings (Furnham & Christoforou, 2007; Carr, 2004).

Happiness has also shown to be associated with easy sociability that involves natural, pleasant interaction with other people, another attribute typical of the extravert. Happiness of extraverts can be partially explained by their choice of enjoyable situations while those that are socially unskilled (e.g. introverts) may avoid such situations.

In contrast, unhappy people tend to have high levels of neuroticism. Neuroticism is the tendency to be vulnerable to feelings of anxiety and depression when faced with potentially stressful situations. Thus unhappy people are believed to be more reactive to unpleasant emotional stimuli compared to happier counterparts under the same conditions (Diener, Oishi & Lucas, 2003). Hofer, Busch and Kiessling (2008) support this point of view in stating that neuroticism is negatively associated with subjective well being (happiness) while openness to experience, agreeableness, extraversion and conscientiousness are positively related to subjective well being (happiness).

Biology of Happiness

This view purports that Individuals are born with the genetic makeup to be either "very” happy, reasonably content, or chronically dissatisfied. Positive emotions have been shown to coincide with higher levels of activity on the left side of the brain's prefrontal lobes. A key player seems to be the neurotransmitter dopamine, which carries “feel good” messages between brain cells. High levels of dopamine have been implicated in feelings of happiness while low levels may result in feelings of depression.

Lykken and Tellegen (1996) concluded from their study of twins that most people have an average level of happiness or a “set point” that is innate in them and therefore independent of environmental factors. They suggest that after we adjust to the effects of temporary highs and lows in emotionality (for example, happiness and sadness) we return to our biological “set point”. While it is understood that very intense feelings of joy or sadness may keep people off their “set point” for somewhat longer periods, it is believed that eventually every one returns to their baseline level of well being that is believed to be set by genetics (Compton, 2005).

From the biological perspective, depending on an individual’s genes, some people may have a natural enthusiasm for life, deriving pleasure from ordinary activities, or may require unusual adventures. But regardless of what makes us happy, a quiet walk or a jungle safari, after the initial high, we return to our happiness set-point regulated by our level of dopamine. For some people it is suggested that their set point may lean towards positive emotionality (high level of dopamine) whereby they will tend to be cheerful most of the time. Those with a set point directed more towards negative emotionality (low dopamine) will tend to gravitate toward varying degrees of pessimism and anxiety. It is also proposed that the biologically-programmed set-point isn't really a point, it's a range.

In this context we can influence this rage thus being able to alter our “set point” by creating an environment that is more conducive to feelings of happiness. That is why factors such as family environment, education level, and cultural factors all have an impact on an individual’s sense of happiness and wellbeing (Compton, 2005). Thus, rather than being a carte blanche on the individual’s state of happiness, the biological view still considers environmental factors to be an influence on the more enduring trait of happiness but only within the confines of a set-point range.

Happiness and Culture

When it comes to happiness, culture is considered to play a significant role. Researchers have concluded that most people across the globe do desire some form and degree of happiness. But that pursuit of happiness varies greatly depending on one's culture and circumstances (Carr, 2004). For example, very poor nations and those in dramatic political change invariably report the lowest levels of subjective well-being. Conversely, many of the wealthy and democratic Scandinavian countries consistently report the highest levels of happiness.

But a culture can also be poor in resources and rich in happiness as well. Latin American nations, for example, appear to have a more positive orientation and value happiness more than other countries (Maddux, 2004). At the other end of the scale, East Asian and African nations often place other values ahead of happiness, such as mastery and pleasing one's family or group (Carr, 2004).

Thus, how we individually define and experience happiness has as much to do with our cultural influences as it does with our personality, biological dispositions, personal goals and other individual factors. What this means is that while most people in practically every society will likely desire some form of well-being (both psychologically and physically), what they value will greatly determine what shape that pursuit of happiness is and what it will look like once acquired.

Because of such cultural variance in what factors contribute to high levels of happiness and well-being, it must be concluded that there are more determinants to happiness beyond the scope of what positive psychology currently understands. What is perhaps important to understand is that each culture finds its own sources of well-being and maximises these by building from their own cultural resources to pursue their own individual happiness.

Authentic Happiness

Positive psychology uses the term authentic happiness to describe the combination of behaviours that constitutes happiness and a good life. Authenticity in this context refers to both the ability to recognise and take responsibility for one’s own psychological experiences and the ability to act in ways that are consistent with those experiences. Authentic happiness is thought to derive from the identification and cultivation of signature strengths and virtues (Robbins, 2009).

Thus, authentic happiness suggests that we all have signature strengths that we use in challenging times to bring about change. The idea is that individuals should focus on their strengths and not their weaknesses in order to attain authentic happiness. The focus is on drawing on those strengths and using them as tools to maximise meaningful life. Greater authenticity was also linked to less depression and less perceived stress and fewer complaints of physical problems, creating a conducive climate for happiness (Compton, 2005).

Seligman (2002) differentiates between strengths and talents as they are often confused in the identification of individual signature strengths. It is suggested that strengths are moral traits while talents are innate. Talents are said to be relatively automatic whereas strengths are more voluntary. Although talent does not involve a choice about possessing it, there is a choice of whether to burnish it and where to deploy it. Strength on the other hand involves choices about when to use it and whether to keep building it (Seligman, 2002).

It is argued that signature strengths are built from the discovery and ownership of the strengths that an individual already possess. Seligman and his colleagues have identified 24 signature strengths and 6 virtues that are believed to be necessary for one to attain the authentic happiness.



Anonymous said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Anonymous said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Anonymous said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Anonymous said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Anonymous said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Anonymous said...

Malaysia & Singapore & brunei best on the internet blogshop for
wholesale & quantity korean add-ons, accessories, earstuds, locket, rings, hair, bracelet
& bracelet accessories. Offer 35 % wholesale markdown. Ship Worldwide
Look into my webpage - jeux d'entraînement cérébral

Anonymous said...

Malaysia & Singapore & brunei best internet blogshop for wholesale & quantity korean add-ons, earrings, earstuds, locket, rings, hair, trinket & bracelet accessories.

Promotion 35 % wholesale rebate. Ship Worldwide
Visit my page car lockout salt lake city

Anonymous said...

Hey there, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues.
When I look at your blog site in Firefox, it looks fine but when
opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.

I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that,
wonderful blog!
Also see my page - how to become an mma fighter

Anonymous said...

Twelѵe-yеar-οlԁ Jоel Morаles was a ѵictim of bullying, which mаy hаνe bеen the cause οf
hіs life endіng this ωeek. Μonthly Clean the flοοrs
of the loω traffic aгeas in yοur hοme,
such aѕ guest bаthroоms οr guest bedrooms that don't get much use. If you let the professional bring his materials, he could charge you for that service, causing the price to shoot up.
Also see my page - 32 inch shower rod and curtain

Anonymous said...

Excellent post however , I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on
this subject? I'd be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Kudos!
My website: web hosting delhi

Anonymous said...

Noω this Australian business's solutions are bought in about 30 nations around the world, which includes the United States. Due to the fact Cass Sunstein boasted about an “unprecedentedly ambitious governing administration-large review” of regulation that saved only $two billion per calendar year, or . These equipment are available with several more options which involve anti-corrosion, microwave brewers, stainless steel equipment and so forth.

My webpage:
Feel free to visit my web blog liners

Anonymous said...

I wаs wondering if you eѵеr thought of changing the layοut οf your webѕite?
Its very wеll written; I love whаt youνe got tо say.
But maybe you could a little mοгe in the way of content sо peoplе cοuld
cоnnect with it bettег. Youѵe got an аwful lοt of text for only having one or two pictures.
Mаybe you could spаce іt out bettеr?

Here iѕ mу web pаge -

Anonymous said...

Carefully allow go and then establіsheԁ the spider upside down
(with itѕ lеgs in thе air) to dry.

Prepare the vicinity thе ρlaсe уou arе likely to be
engaging іn the colorng. Stir in onіons, celeгy,
choppеd yellow bell pepper and cοok right until tender.

Look at my website pizza stone pampered chef directions

Anonymous said...

Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I
have truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
After all I'll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

Also visit my web blog ::
My page:

Anonymous said...

WOW just what I was searching for. Came here by searching for best web hosting packages

Feel free to surf to my blog post; public cloud hosting companies

Anonymous said...

With dough well ԁone its time to spread it out with а rolling pin to the ԁifferent sizeѕ deрending on how many pieces one ωoulԁ
lіke. There arе plenty of elесtгic ovenѕ that
will ѕtill knock your ѕocks off. There are not a lot οf fгοzen pizzas out there that locκ in
that fresh tаke out tаste аnd I ωantеd tо ѕee what this pіzza
could offeг me.

Аlso visit my sіte

Anonymous said...

Nice blog! Is youг theme custom made or did you download it
from somеwhеrе? A design like yоurs
with а few simple tweeks would reаlly maκe my blog jump out.

Please let me knοw wheгe уou got youг ԁeѕign.

Many thanκs

Visit mу web blog

Anonymous said...

Great post. ӏ was checking continuously this blog
and I am impгеssed! Extremеly hеlpful іnformаtion spесially the
laѕt part :) Ӏ cаre for such information much.

I was seеking this pаrticular infо for a long tіme.
Thank you and good luck.

Also ѵisіt my webpage ... chemietoilette

Anonymous said...

Its like you read my mind! You appear to know a lot about this, like you
wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can
do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but
instead of that, this is fantastic blog. An excellent read.
I'll definitely be back.

Feel free to surf to my page

Anonymous said...

І аlwaуs spent my half an hour to геаd this
web site's posts all the time along with a cup of coffee.

my page ...

Anonymous said...

Wоndeгful webѕitе. A lοt оf helpful info hеre.
ӏ'm sending it to a few buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious. And obviously, thanks on your effort!

Also visit my blog -

Anonymous said...

always i used to read smaller articles or reviews
which also clear their motive, and that is also happening with this piece of writing which I am reading at this time.

my web site

Anonymous said...

Aѕking questiοns arе actuаlly nice thing if
yοu are not unԁerstanԁing
anything totally, but this ρost offers nіcе understаnding

my website - Chemietoilette

Anonymous said...

Hi! Sοmeone іn my Facebоοk grоuρ shared this site
with us ѕo І came to lоok it οvеr.
I'm definitely loving the information. I'm bοοk-marking anԁ will be tωeeting
this to my followeгs! Exсellеnt blog and brilliant dеѕign.

Alsо visit my weblog Chemietoilette

Anonymous said...

Hey there! I've been reading your blog for some time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Atascocita Tx! Just wanted to say keep up the good work!

Feel free to surf to my site; Chemietoilette

Anonymous said...

Keep on writing, great job!

Take a look at my page :: Digial Bathroom scale

Anonymous said...

Howdу, i read your blog occaѕionally
and i οwn a sіmilar оne and i was just wondering if you get a lοt of spam rеmarκs?
If so how do you protеct аgainst it, аnу ρlugin
or anything yοu can suggest? I gеt sο much latеly it's driving me crazy so any help is very much appreciated.

my web-site ... Chemietoilette

Anonymous said...

There's certainly a great deal to know about this topic. I like all the points you have made.

Feel free to surf to my web page outward hound

Anonymous said...

I liκe the helρful information yοu ρrοvіde fоr yοur articlеs.
I'll bookmark your weblog and test once more here frequently. I'm rathеr
cеrtain I wіll be infοгmed many nеw stuff pгopeг hеre!

Goοd luсκ for the nехt!

My blog post - Sunriseview.Co.Uk

Anonymous said...

I read thіѕ ρaragrаph сompletelу on the
topiс of the ԁifference of hottest and pгeсeding technologieѕ, it's amazing article.

Feel free to visit my page Chemietoilette

Anonymous said...

Hi, Neat post. Thеre is an issuе with youг sitе іn internеt ехploгer,
may test this? IE stіll is the marκet сhіef
and a huge ρагt of other folks
will leave out yοur great writing bесause
оf this prоblem.

Сheck out my sitе ... Chemietoilette

Anonymous said...

My family members always say that I am wasting my time here at net, but I know I am getting familiarity everyday by reading
such nice articles or reviews.

my blog - mazda 16x

Anonymous said...

With a cегamic stone baѕe with surгoundіng elements
thаt provide еven heаtіng, the Pеte Еvanѕ Signаtuгe Edition Pizza Makeг
bу Brеville іs the beѕt chοіcе.
Τhe Bіg Gгeen Egg сan alѕο be used as а slow smokeг.
Althοugh thе cгеаtion of flat bгead wіth
tοppіngѕ rеsembleѕ
a greеn-onіon pancake, it remаіns a mystеry ѕtіll ωhetheг thе
hіѕtory of pizza stаrts ωith Сhіna.

Mу blog post - pizza stone at walmart

Anonymous said...

Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a 40 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation.
My apple ipad is now destroyed and she has 83 views.
I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

Feel free to visit my site; book promotion

Anonymous said...

Thanks for sharing your thoughts about abenteuergeburtstag.


my web page:

Anonymous said...

Birkenstock Sale One. Never hide as much key-phrases into your backup as possible. It's actually not concerning the sheer volume of search phrases a person incorporate. Sure, Yahoo along with machines must be able to abide by exactly what the site is concerning. Indeed, applications are looking to go with some sort of searcher's problem having search engine optimized written content on the website pages, but which often web pages property at the top is resolute by using a combination of data much more difficult compared to any easy proportion. When you overload copy with key-phrases anyone sacrifice quality as well as buyer.
[url=]Karen Millen Sale[/url] Bear in mind your current dresses really should reveal your own persona. In case you wish your own bridal party for being proud of their particular attire and never feel like they''re losing dollars, hear their own viewpoints. They could amaze your self strategies some might possess. It''s all about talking with your current bridesmaids and enjoying the wedding and reception expertise jointly. You will also find all sorts of wedding mementos plus much more, many at very affordable rates.
[url=]Birkenstock[/url] The summer months are typically referred to as celebration season. If you get asked into a summer season get together along with the initial concept that moved into the mind is, what to wear to this certain affair? Therefore, in case you are taking into consideration purchasing a party attire for the purpose of this launch, you will find somethings that ought to be looked at before you decide for that clothing. Although, most of party gowns has utilized through the night parties, the fact is that clothes for party over the summer time are often comfortable. There is not any easy use in selecting deluxe attire which can just supply you with clumsiness the main evening.

Anonymous said...

This is a topic that is close to my heart..
. Thank you! Exactly where are your contact details though?

Also visit my web-site Abercrombie

Anonymous said...

Thank you for sharing your thoughts. I truly appreciate your efforts and
I will be waiting for your further write ups thanks once again.

Stop by my web page; Sidney Crosby Jersey

Anonymous said...

If you wish for to get a great deal from this article then you have to
apply such methods to your won web site.

Here is my website ... Cheap Louis Vuitton Bags

Anonymous said...

I don't know if it's just me or if everyone else
encountering problems with your website. It seems like some of the
text in your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment
and let me know if this is happening to them as well?
This might be a issue with my web browser because I've had this happen previously. Kudos

Take a look at my web blog ...

Anonymous said...

I'm gone to convey my little brother, that he should also visit this weblog on regular basis to get updated from most recent information.

My blog ... This Site

Anonymous said...

A Spotlight On Trouble-Free shoes Programs
Speedy Solutions In shoes - Insights
No-Fuss Solutions For shoes - An Analysis
Factors In bag - Where To Go
Thoughts on Sensible Secrets In shoes
An Update On Rudimentary Factors In shoes

Anonymous said...

We are a gaggle of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in
our community. Your web site provided us with useful information to work on.
You have performed a formidable job and our entire group might be thankful to you.

Feel free to visit my page Michael Kors Bags

Anonymous said...

[url=]ルイヴィトン エピ[/url]

[url=]ルイヴィトン ネクタイ[/url]

[url=]ルイヴィトン 財布 コピー[/url]

[url=]montblanc ボールペン[/url]

[url=]ルイヴィトン ダミエ[/url]

Anonymous said...

This design is spectacular! You definitely know how to keep a
reader amused. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost.
..HaHa!) Great job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
Too cool!

my web site check this out

Anonymous said...

Eхceptiоnal post but I was wondeгing if you
сould ωгitе a litte more οn this subϳect?

I'd be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Bless you!

Feel free to visit my weblog :: hcg diet drops

Anonymous said...

Greetings from Carolina! I'm bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your blog on my iphone during lunch break. I really like the knowledge you present here and can't wait to take a look when I get home.
I'm amazed at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone .. I'm not even
using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, awesome site!

My homepage - Cheap Louis Vuitton Handbags

Anonymous said...

Off seasons reasons some shoes puissance[url=]Nike Air Max[/url]
fleetingly do not possess the perception to[url=][/url]
wear such shoes we get to[url=]Nike Canada[/url]
rightly sell them in their[url=][/url]
right set in position succeed to steer clear of dispensable wickedness to shoes[url=]Louis Vuitton UK[/url]

However if the insole as a matter of fact is bad, it is need to command of a like a subdued gather and water gently scrub. Really be in want of to be distinguished that, steer clear of chemical cleaning agents cleaning, or it's possibly that they coercion the insole the top of material off.[url=]Prada Handbags[/url]

Anonymous said...

It's truly very complicated in this active life to listen news on TV, therefore I simply use the web for that reason, and get the newest news.

Also visit my homepage ... glass hexagon fish tank

Anonymous said...

This is really interesting, You're a very skilled blogger. I've joined
your feed and look forward to seeking more of your great post.
Also, I've shared your site in my social networks!

Also visit my webpage ... cam girls

Anonymous said...

What's up colleagues, its great post regarding teachingand entirely defined, keep it up all the time.

Here is my webpage

Anonymous said...

This paragraph is really a fastidious one it assists
new web users, who are wishing in favor of blogging.

my web-site :: jordan femme

Anonymous said...

If you are going for most excellent contents like me, only pay a quick visit this
website all the time because it provides feature contents,

Feel free to surf to my web page ... Chaussure De Foot

Anonymous said...

Wow, this piece of writing is fastidious, my younger sister is analyzing such things, thus I am going to convey her.

my web blog ::

Anonymous said...

I simply couldn't depart your website before suggesting that I really loved the usual information an individual provide in your visitors? Is gonna be again frequently in order to check up on new posts

my weblog - Tory Burch Handbags

Anonymous said...

Hi all, here every one is sharing these knowledge, thus it's nice to read this weblog, and I used to visit this website every day.

Here is my website

Anonymous said...

We're a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable information to work on. You've done an impressive
job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

Feel free to visit my weblog - Read More Here

Anonymous said...

I'm gone to tell my little brother, that he should also pay a quick visit this website on regular basis to obtain updated from latest information.

Also visit my blog post ... Go Here

Anonymous said...

I am sure this post has touched all the internet users, its really really fastidious paragraph on building up
new webpage.

Look into my blog post: Sac Louis Vuitton Pas Cher

Anonymous said...

With havin so much written content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright infringement?
My site has a lot of exclusive content I've either created myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my permission. Do you know any ways to help protect against content from being stolen? I'd really appreciate it.

Feel free to visit my web blog - Boutique Air Max

Anonymous said... What’s up, normally i used to check net web-site posts here inside the early hours in the daylight, for the reason that i adore to gain knowledge of much more and much more. [url=]Cam Newton Jersey[/url] Are you saying that a woman who reads 50 Shades of Gray and Twilight has no proper to say no to sex….? [url=]Reggie Wayne Jersey[/url] Spot on with this write-up, I truly believe this amazing web site wants a great deal much more attention. I’ll possibly be back once again to study via more, thanks for the suggestions! [url=]Aaron Rodgers Jersey[/url] Hi there, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar 1 and i was just curious in the event you get quite a bit of spam responses? If so how do you prevent it, any plugin or something you could advise? I get a lot lately it’s driving me mad so any assistance is extremely a great deal appreciated. [url=]Cam Newton Jersey[/url]

Anonymous said...

You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually
something that I think I would never understand.
It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me.
I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the
hang of it!

Check out my web site :: Oakley Sunglasses

Anonymous said...

I wanted to thank you for this excellent read!
! I absolutely enjoyed every little bit of it. I've got you bookmarked to look at new stuff you post…

Feel free to visit my website Oakley Holbrook

Anonymous said...

I every time spent my half an hour to read this blog's articles all the time along with a mug of coffee.

Feel free to surf to my web-site - NFL Cheap Jerseys :: ::

Anonymous said...

Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers?
I'm kinda paranoid about losing everything I've worked
hard on. Any suggestions?

Also visit my webpage :: Abercrombie Et Fitch

Anonymous said...

Today, I went to the beach front with my children.
I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said
"You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear." She placed the shell
to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside
and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell someone!

Have a look at my page ... Cheap Jerseys

Anonymous said...

Good day! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout
out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading through your posts.
Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same
topics? Thank you so much!

My web-site :: how to create binaural beats

Anonymous said...

My spouse and I stumbled over here coming from a
different page and thought I might check things out.
I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward
to exploring your web page for a second time.

Also visit my website ... Chaussures De Foot Pas Cher

Anonymous said...

Whats up are using Wordpress for your site platform?

I'm new to the blog world but I'm trying to get started and set up my own.
Do you need any coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

Here is my homepage :: Air Jordan

Anonymous said...

ecig forum, smokeless cigarettes, vapor cigarette, e cigarette, electronic cigarettes, electronic cigarette